Catalogue of Bias: 

Catalyst: Workplaces that Work for Women on Unconscious Bias: 


Equity for Women: 


Every Single Cognitive Bias in One Infographic: 


Gender Action Portal of the Harvard Kennedy School Women and Public Policy Program: 


Gender Avenger:


Project Implicit: 


Men Advocating Real Change: 


Religious Institute Educational Resources:


Text Analyzer to Gender Neutralize Your Job Postings:


The Female Quotient: 


The Working Woman’s Handbook:


U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, American Time-Use Survey: 


Women Also Know Stuff: 


Women Employed: 



Banaji, M. R., & Greenwald, A. G. (2016). Blindspot: Hidden Biases of Good People.  New York, NY: Bantam


Bertrand, M., & Hallock, K. F. (2001). The Gender Gap in Top Corporate Jobs. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 55(1), 3.


Bohnet, Iris (2016). What Works: Gender Equality by Design. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.


Bronznick, S., Goldenhar, D., & Linsky, M. (2008). Leveling the Playing Field: Advancing Women in Jewish Organizational Life. Advancing Women Professionals and Jewish Community.


Desjardins, Jeff, “24 Cognitive Biases that are Warping Your Sense of Reality,” Visual Capitalist, December 2018. Retrieved from


Ely, R., & Meyerson, D.  (2006). Unmasking Manly Men: The Organizational Reconstruction of Men’s Identity. Academy of Management Proceedings, 2006(1), J1-J6.


Flynn, Patricia M., Haynes, Kathryn, Kilgour,  Maureen A., Challenges to Gender Equality in the Workplace: Leadership and Innovation,Principles of Responsible Management Education, 2016, Green Leaf Publishing, page 95-106. 


Gaucher, D., Friesen, J., & Kay, A. C. (2011). Evidence that gendered wording in job advertisements exists and sustains gender inequality. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(1), 109-128.  


Gerdman, D. (2017, September 11). Why Employers Favor Men. Retrieved from


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Goldin, C. D. (1990). Understanding the gender gap: an economic history of American women. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, USA.


Heerman, T. (n.d.). Elevating Women in Leadership A study exploring how organizations can crack the code to make real progress (Lee Hecht Harrison, SHRM Executive Network).


Johnstone-Louis, M. (n.d.). To impact the workplace, think beyond the workplace: Lessons about gender equality in industry from the International Women’s Coffee Alliance (IWCA). Overcoming Challenges to Gender Equality in the Workplace: Leadership and Innovation,95-106.


Harrison, Lee Hecht, “Elevating Women in Leadership: A Study Exploring How Organizations Can Crack The Code To Make Real Progress,”  SHRM Executive Network, Retrieved from


Isaac, Carol; Lee, Barbara and Carnes, Molly, “Interventions that Affect Gender Bias in Hiring: A Systematic Review,” National Institutes of Health, August 31, 2015. Retrieved from 


Kay, Katty and Shipman, Claire, “The Confidence Gap,” The Atlantic, May 2014. Retrieved from 


Killelea, Grace, “Women in Business Need to Crack the Confidence Code,” Philadelphia Business Journal, May 7, 2014. Retrieved from 


Leading Edge. (2018). Are Jewish Organizations Great Places to Work? Results From the Third Annual Employee Experience Survey.


Newman, M. A. (1993). Career Advancement: Does Gender Make a Difference? The American Review of Public Administration, 23(4), 361-384.


Rapoport, R. (2002). Beyond work-family balance: advancing gender equity and workplace performance. Jossey-Bass Publishers.


Reuben, E., Sapienza, P., & Zingales, L. (2014, March 10). How stereotypes impair women’s careers in science. Retrieved from


Rudman, L. A., & Glick, P. (2001). Prescriptive Gender Stereotypes and Backlash Toward Agentic Women. Journal of

Social Issues, 57(4), 743-762.


Savonick, D., & Davidson, C. (2017). Gender Bias in Academe: An Annotated Bibliography of Important Recent Studies. CUNY Academic Works.


Shakeshaft, C. S., Brown, G., & Irby, B. (2014). Increasing Gender Equity in Educational Leadership (Ch. 6). Handbook for Achieving Gender Equity Through Education.


Tulshyan, R. (2016). The Diversity Advantage: Fixing Gender Inequality in the Workplace. Scotts Valley, CA: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform.


Vial, A. C., Brescoll, V. L., & Dovidio, J. F. (2018). Third-party prejudice accommodation increases gender discrimination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Wittenberg-Cox, A. (2010). How Women Mean Business: A Step by Step Guide to Profiting from Gender Balanced Business. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.


Wittenberg-Cox, A. (2014). Seven Steps to Leading a Gender-Balanced Business. Watertown, MA: Harvard Business Review Press.


Wittenberg-Cox, A. (2016). One Key to Gender Balance: 20-First Century Leadership.


Wittenberg-Cox, A. (2016). Four Phases of Women’s Careers: Becoming Gender Bilingual.


Wittenberg-Cox, A., & Maitland, A. (2009). Why Women Mean Business: Understanding the Emergence of Our Next Economic Revolution. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.



“A Toolkit for Gender Equality in Practice,” European Social Partners, August 20, 2019. Retrieved from 


Bohnet, Iris, What Works, Gender Equality by Design, Harvard University Press, 2016.


Bohnet, Iris, “What Works: Gender Equality by Design,” SXSW Interactive, March 23, 2016. Available


“Building Gender Equity in the Workplace: A Best Practices Resource Guide,” Bay Area Council Economic Institute, August 2016.

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Duarte, Nancy, “The Hen House Effect: Secrets of a Highly Functioning Female Network,” Forbes, February 5, 2019. Retrieved


Ely, Robin J., and Debra E. Meyerson. “An Organizational Approach to Undoing Gender: The Unlikely Case of Offshore Oil

Platforms.” Research in Organizational Behavior 30 (2010): 3–34.  Retrieved from

Ely, R. J., and D. E. Meyerson. “Advancing Gender Equity in Organizations: The Challenge and Importance of Maintaining a Gender

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Gallup, “State of the American Workplace,” 2017. Retrieved from 

“Gender Equality Strategy Guide,” Workplace Gender Equality Agency, 2018. Retrieved


McGinn, Kathleen, “Heidi Roazin: A Teaching Case,” Harvard Business School, April, 2010, Retrieved from

Isaac, Carol, Interventions that Affect Gender Bias in Hiring, Academy of Medicine, October, 2009, pages 1440-1446. Retrieved


Jagannathan, Meera, “What You Can Do Right Now to Help Advance Women’s Equality in the Workplace.” MarketWatch, August

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Klinghoffer, Dawn; Young, Candice and Haspas, Dave, “Every New Employee Needs an Onboarding Buddy,” Harvard Business

Review, June 6, 2019. Retrieved from 

Rudman, Laurie, Ashmore, Richard D., Gary, Melvin L., “Unlearning Automatic Biases: The Malleability of Implicit Prejudices and

Stereotypes,” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2001, vol 81, no. 5, 856-868, Retrieved


Sunstein, Cass and Thaler, Richer, Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health Wealth, and Happiness,  Yale University Press, 2008

Tulshyan, Ruchika, “The ‘I Just Can’t Say No’ Club Women Need to Advance in Their Careers,” Forbes, June 28, 2016. Retrieved from


Wietrak, Emilia, “How to Reduce Gender Bias in your Hiring,” Science for Work, Retrieved from


Wong, Kristen, “Want to Close the Pay Gap?” New York Times, January 20, 2019, Retrieved


Zalis, Shelley, “Power of the Pack: Women Who Support Women are More Successful,” Forbes, March 6,





“Breaking Barriers: Unconscious Bias in the Workplace,” International Labour Organization, 2017. Retrieved from—ed_dialogue/—act_emp/documents/publication/wcms_601276.pdf


Huet, Ellen, “Rise of the Bias Busters: How Unconscious Bias Became Silicon Valley’s Newest Target,” Forbes, November 2, 2015. Retrieved from 


Ibarra, Herminia, Ely, Robin, J, Kolb, Deborah M., “Women Rising: Unseen Barriers, Harvard Business Review, 2013. Retrieved from


Kim, Michelle, “How Not to Suck at Unconscious Bias Training,” Medium blog post, 2017. Retrieved from


Milton, Carolyn Centeno, “Ways You Can Become More Conscious of Your Unconscious Bias,” Forbes, June 30, 2018. Retrieved from 


Morse, Gardiner, “Designing a Bias-Free Organization,” Harvard Business Review, July 2016. Retrieved from 


Naisiunta, Comharle, “Recognising and Challenging Our Unconscious Bias,” National Women’s Council of Ireland, 2013. Retrieved from


Polish, Jay, “Gender-Neutral Language Reduces Sexist Bias, A New Study Says,” Bustle, August 6, 2019. Retrieved from 


Wittenberg-Cox, Avivah, “In Search of a Less Sexist Hiring Process,” Harvard Business Review, March 17, 2014. Retrieved from


Zaleski, Katharine, “Job Interviews Without Gender,” New York Times, January 6, 2018. Retrieved from 


Zhang, Laura, “Study Reveals Implicit Gender Bias in Recommendation Letters,” The Daily Texan, November 7, 2016. Retrieved from 


Askew, Susan, “How to End All-Male Panels,” Gender Avenger, May 20, 2015. Retrieved from 


Barista, David, “Potential vs. Credential: How Men and Women Differ in Career Progress,” Building Design and Construction, January 5, 2016. Retrieved from 


British Psychological Society, “Employers Prefer Male Managerial Potential to Female Proven Track Record,” May 6, 2015. Retrieved from 


Chamorro-Premuzic, Tomas, “Why Do So Many Incompetent Men Become Leaders?” Harvard Business Review, August 22, 2013. Retrieved from 


Johnson, Stefanie K.; Hekman, David R. and Chan, Elsa T., “If There’s Only One Woman in Your Candidate Pool, There’s Statistically No Chance She’ll be Hired,” Harvard Business Review, April 26, 2016. Retrieved from


Jones, Darion, “Individual Difference vs. Structural Inequality: What’s Wrong with Equity/Equality Images?,” Meyer Memorial Trust, March 12, 2016. Retrieved from 


Kimmel, Michael, “Why Gender Equality is Good for Everyone – Men Included,” TED Talk, 2015. Available at: 


Murphy, Heather, “Picture a Leader. Is She a Woman?” New York Times, March 16, 2018. Retrieved from 


Peck, Emily, “Men Are Twice As Likely to Get Outstanding Letters of Recommendation,” Huffington Post, October 17, 2016. Retrieved from 

Promundo, “So You Want to be a Male Ally for Gender Equality? (And You Should),” Retrieved from 


Ready, Douglas A. and Cohen, Carol, “Closing the Gender Gap is Good for Business,” MIT Sloan Management Review, July 3, 2019. Retrieved from 


Rogers, B. K. When Women Don’t Speak.

Salam, Maya, “Americans Finally Consider Women as Competent as Men,” New York Times, July 30, 2019. Retrieved from 


Silwa, Jim, “Women Now Seen as Equally as or More Competent Than Men,” American Psychological Association, July 18, 2019. Retrieved from 



Anderer, Carrie and Sholinsky, Susan Gross, “New York Lawmakers Expand Pay Equity Law and Ban Salary History Inquiries,” Epstein Becker Green, July 9, 2019. Retrieved from 


Barsh, Joanna, “Unlocking the Full Potential of Women in the US Economy,” Genius. Retrieved from 

Clark, Nancy F., “Act Now to Shrink the Confidence Gap,” Forbes, April 28, 2014. Retrieved from 


Crutchfield, Amy, “Introverts and Interviews,” The Chronicle of Higher Education, January 9, 2017. Retrieved from 


Flanagan, Caitlin, “The Problem with HR,” The Atlantic, July 2019. Retrieved from 


Grant, A.  Job Interviews are Broken: There’s a Way to Fix Them.

Johnson, W. Write a Job Description That Attracts the Right Candidate. Retrieved from

Krivkovich, Alexis; Nadeau, Marie-Claude; Robinson, Kelsey; Robinson, Nicole; Starikova, Irina and Yee, Lareina, “Women in the Workplace 2018,” McKinsey, October 2018. Retreived from 


Le, Vu, “Content creators, here’s an Equity Screen to use as you work on your next blog post, book, podcast, or video,” Nonprofit AF, August 19, 2019. Retrieved from 


Le, Vu, “So you don’t think race, equity, diversity and inclusion are relevant to your mission,” Nonprofit AF, March 25, 2019. Retrieved from 


Le, Vu, “When you don’t disclose salary range on a job posting, a unicorn loses its wings,” Nonprofit AF, June 1, 2015. Retrieved from 


Mask, Clate, “Hiring and Firing with the Company’s Vision in Mind,” Fast Company, April 5, 2013. Retrieved from 


Reiners, Bailey, “80+ Diversity in the Workplace Statistics You Should Know,” Built In, November 6, 2019. Retrieved from 


Rivera, Lauren A., “Hiring as Cultural Matchmaking: The Case of Elite Professional Service Firms,” American Sociological Review, November 28, 2012. Retrieved from 


Rivera, Lauren, “Were You Judged Fairly at Your Last Job Interview?” Fortune, June 15, 2015. Retrieved from 


Rivera, Lauren and Tilcsik, Andras, “Numeric Performance Reviews Can be Biased Against Women,” Kellogg Insight, August 1, 2019. Retrieved from 


Rivera, Lauren A. and Tilcsik, Andras, “Scaling Down Inequality: Rating Scales, Gender Bias and the Architecture of Evaluation,” American Sociological Review, March 12, 2019. Retrieved from 


Robbins, Alison, “Why You Need to Hire Based on Company Alignment,” Spark Hire. Retrieved from 


Roy, Katica, “Why We Need Gender Equity Now,” Forbes, September 14, 2017. Retrieved from 


Simply Hired, “When Should You Include Salary in a Job Description,” March 28, 2016. Retrieved from 


Smith, Ryan, “How to Hire Someone Aligned With the Company’s Mission,” Entrepreneur, March 27, 2014. Retrieved from 


COVID-19: Resources

Ammerman, C. and B. Groysberg. Why the Crisis Is Putting Companies at Risk of Losing Female Talent.


Boigon, M. Are Some Jewish Nonprofits Using Payroll Protection Loans to Lay People Off.

Connell, E. and K. Mantoan. We need to make sure the coronavirus pandemic doesn't make the gender pay gap worse.


Fielding, S. Young Women's Careers May Never Recover from the Coronavirus Crisis.

Gabriele, L. How Men can show up as Gender Partners During Covid-19.


Hamid Rao, A. When Losing Your Job Feels Like Losing Your Self.


Hegewisch, A. Barsi, Z.  and J. Hayes. Dramatic Decline in Employment Hits Women Even More Severely than Men.


Kalev, A. Research: U.S. Unemployment Rising Faster for Women and People of Color.


Kaufman,  N., Adler, N. Messinger, R., and L. Weinstein. Listening and Learning from Women CEOs in the Time of COVID-19.

Kaufman, N. and L. Weinstein. Lifting up women leaders in the time of Covid-19.

Keyes, S. Will COVID-19 lead to men and women splitting care work more evenly?


Kitchener, C.  ‘I had to choose being a mother’: With no child care or summer camps, women are being edged out of the workforce.   When parents can’t do it all, women’s paid labor is often the first to go.

Klebe, L. Women’s Work.

National Women’s Law Center:  Effects of COVID-19 Show Us Equal Pay Is Critical for Mothers.

Ohm, J., Travis, D., Daley, L.P., Sattari, N. Shaffer, E. Van Bommel, T., Foust-Cummings, H. Covid-19: Women, Equity and Inclusion in the Future of Work (Report).

Place, A. Coronavirus Is Pushing The Gender Gap Even Wider For Working Moms. Employee Benefit News.


Raghu, M. and J. Tucker. The Wage Gap Has Made Things Worse for Women on the Front Lines of COVID-19.


Shapiro-Plevan, S. and Sirbu, R. W. Finding Jobs in the She-Cession.


Shaw, E. Mason, C. N. Lacarte, V. and E. Jauregui. Holding Up Half the Sky: Mothers as Workers, Primary Caregivers, & Breadwinners During COVID-19.


Singletary, M.  Women 55 and older who lose their jobs in the pandemic face greater risk of long-term unemployment.

Smith, D. and W. B. Johnson. Gender Equity Starts in the Home.


Thomason, B. and H. Williams. What Will Work-Life Balance Look Like After the Pandemic?


Wien, E. and G. Benchimol. Yes. Safety, Respect and Equity Count in a Pandemic.

Zamore, M. Equitable Downsizing.

Zimmerman, S. Impact of Covid-19 on Women in the Labor Force.


Sara Shapiro-Plevan featured on This is LeaderFolk: An Inclusive Look Inside the Jewish Community. Join Sara as she is interviewed by Sara Bogolmny, in conversation about what it means to be a woman working as, what we like to call, a “professional Jew.” Tune in for explorations of the unique triumphs and challenges that face these Jewish community leaders at the blurry intersection between the professional and the personal. Welcome to the table, we’re saving a spot for you!

Finding Jobs in the She-cession (May 21, 2020)

Jewish Nonprofit Employees Are Sharing How Much They Make in A Google Spreadsheet (November 20, 2019) Molly Boigon


Anonymous Spreadsheet Shines Light On Jewish Professionals’ Salaries (November 19, 2019) Shira Hanau

After “The Week All the Jewish Women Turned Invisible,” Voices Are Quietly Emerging (January 8, 2020) Esther Kustanowitz

The Week That All Jewish Women Turned Invisible (August 15, 2019) Sara Shapiro-Plevan, co-author

An Accounting of the Soul: Cheshbon HaNefesh, A Reflective User’s Guide to Thirteen Principles for Ensuring Equity in Jewish Communal Workplaces (September 23, 2019)

The Look on his Face was the Data We Needed (August 13, 2019)

Who do You Choose to Hire for Leadership Positions? (February 27, 2019)

Gender Equity In Hiring: It Is Time (March 19, 2018)

Over 50 Rabbis And Communal Leaders Call For More Women At The Top Of Jewish Organizations (March 13, 2018)